En Çok Kullanılan İngilizce Fiiller ve Anlamları

En Çok Kullanılan İngilizce Fiiller Anlamları ve Okunuşları

İngilizce Düzenli Fiiller

İngilizce düzenli fiiler -ed takısı alan fiillerdir.
Mastar Hali clean finish use stop
Past Simple
Past Participle cleaned finished used stopped

İngilizce fiillerin 'past simple' yani 2. halleri, geçmiş zaman için kullanılır. (bkz. ingilizce geçmiş zaman - Simple Past Tense )

I cleaned
They finished

'Past participle', yani ingilizce fiillerin 3. halleri ise, present perfect tense ile birlikte kullanılır. (bkz. Present Prefect Tense)

I have cleaned the windows.

İngilizce Düzensiz Fiiller

İngilizce düzensiz fiiller, -ed takısı almayan fiillerdir. Bu fiillerin 2. halleri Simple Past Tense ile bilikte, 3. halleri ise Perfect Tense ile birlikte kullanılır.

Bazı düzensiz fiillerin 1., 2, ve 2. hallerinin yazılışları aynıdır.

bid - bid - bid

Bazı düzensiz fiillerin 2. ve 3. halleri aynı kalır.

built - build - build

Bazılarının da 3 hali de değişik yazılır.

do - did - done

İngilizce düzensiz fiileri yukarıdaki gibi grublayarak ezberlemek size kolaylık sağlayabilir.

Aşağıda en çok kullanılan ingilizce düzensiz fiilleri ve anlamlarını bulabilirsiniz.
1. Hali
Base Form 2. Hali
Past Simple 3. Hali
Past Participle Türkçe
Anlamı
awake awoke awoken uyanmak
be was, were been olmak
beat beat beaten vurmak
become became become olmak
begin began begun başlamak
bend bent bent bükmek
bet bet bet bahse girmek
bid bid bid emretmek
bite bit bitten ısırmak
blow blew blown esmek
break broke broken kırmak
bring brought brought getirmek
broadcast broadcast broadcast yayımlamak
build built built inşa etmek
burst burst burst patlamak
burn burned/burnt burned/burnt yakmak
buy bought bought satın almak
catch caught caught yakalamak
choose chose chosen seçmek
come came come gelmek
cost cost cost değer biçmek
creep crept crept emeklemek
cut cut cut kesmek
deal dealt dealt anlaşmak
dig dug dug kazmak
do did done yapmak
draw drew drawn çekmek
dream dreamed/dreamt dreamed/dreamt rüya görmek
drive drove driven sürmek
drink drank drunk içmek
eat ate eaten yemek yemek
fall fell fallen düşmek
feed fed fed beslemek
feel felt felt hissetmek
fight fought fought dövüşmek
find found found bulmak
flee fled fled firar etmek
fly flew flown uçmak
forbid forbade forbidden yasaklamak
forget forgot forgotten unutmak
forgive forgave forgiven affetmek
freeze froze frozen donmak
get got gotten elde etmek
give gave given vermek
go went gone gitmek
grow grew grown büyümek
hang hung hung asmak
have had had sahip olmak
hear heard heard duymak
hide hid hidden saklamak
hit hit hit vurmak
hold held held tutmak
hurt hurt hurt yaralanmak
keep kept kept saklamak
know knew known bilmek
lay laid laid yaymak
lead led led rehberlik etmek
learn learned/learnt learned/learnt öğretmek
leave left left ayrılmak
lend lent lent ödünç vermek
let let let izin vermek
lie lay lain yalan söylemek
lose lost lost kaybetmek
make made made yapmak
mean meant meant anlamına gelmek
meet met met buluşmak
pay paid paid ödemek
put put put koymak
read read read okumak
ride rode ridden binmek
ring rang rung çalmak
rise rose risen yükselmek
run ran run koşmak
say said said söylemek
see saw seen görmek
sell sold sold satmak
send sent sent göndermek
show showed showed/shown göstermek
shut shut shut kapamak
sing sang sung şarkı söylemek
sit sat sat oturmak
sleep slept slept uyumak
speak spoke spoken konuşmak
spend spent spent harcamak
stand stood stood ayakta durmak
swim swam swum yüzmek
take took taken almak
teach taught taught öğretmek
tear tore torn yırtmak
tell told told anlatmak
think thought thought düşünmek
throw threw thrown fırlatmak
understand understood understood anlamak
wake woke woken uyanmak
wear wore worn giymek
win won won kazanmak
write wrote written yazmak




İngilizcede En Çok Kullanılan 100 Fiil Ve Anlamları

accept : kabul etmek I accept your conditions.
allow  : müsaade etmek I allow you to go to the cinema.
ask  : sormak I ask my teacher a question.
believe : inanmak I do not (don’t) believe your words.
borrow : ödünç almak I borrow money from you every month.
break : (broke-broken) kırmak I break the window when I am not careful.
bring : (brought-brought) getirmek I bring you a newspaper everyday.
buy : (bought-bought) satın almak I buy some clothes for the summer.
Can / be able : (could) (Y.F) yapabilmek I can speak English. I am able to speak Eng.
cancel : iptal etmek I cancel our meeting on Monday.
change : değiştirmek I change my plans if there is a problem.
clean : temizlemek My mother cleans my room everyday.
close / shut : (shut) kapamak My secretary closes the door every morning.
comb : taramak My son combs his hair in front of the mirror.
complain : şikayet etmek Old people always complain about their health.
cough : öksürmek The students cough when they have cold.
count : saymak I count my money before I pay for something.
cut : (cut-cut) kesmek The waiter cuts the bread for his customer.
dance :dansetmek Young girls dance all night.
draw : (drew-drawn) çizmek / çekmek I draw money from the bank when I need it.
drink : (drank-drunk) içmek The runners drink a lot of water after the race.
drive : (drove-driven) sürmek (vasıta) My wife and I drive to Sapanca on Sundays.
eat : (ate-eaten) yemek We don’t eat red meat for dinner.
explain : açıklamak I explain everything in English.
Fall : (fell-fallen) düşmek Leaves fall from the trees in Autumn.
fill : doldurmak Please fill the glass with water.
find : (found-found) bulmak I find time to learn English everyday.
finish : bitirmek /bitmek Do you finish your work late ?
fit : (fit-fit) uydurmak I can not fit the screw in the hole.
fix : tespit etmek We must fix an appointment for Sunday.
fly : (flew-flown) uçmak Turkish Airlines fly to America every day.
forget : (forgot-forgotten) unutmak I often forget names of my clients.
give : (gave-given) vermek My father gives me money every wek.
go : (went-gone) gitmek My friend and I go to the cinema every Sunday.
have : (had-had) sahip olmak I have many friends at school.
hear : (heard-heard) duymak We can hear the music because it’s loud.
hurt : (hurt-hurt) incitmek You hurt me with these bad words.
know : (knew-known) bilmek I know that the world is small.
learn : öğrenmek We must learn all our lives.
leave : (left-left) Terketmek/ayrılm. I leave home at 8 every morning.
listen : dinlemek We must listen to wise people.
live : yaşamak We can’t live a comfortable life without money.
look : bakmak The young girl looks at the sky to see the stars.
lose : (lost-lost) kaybetmek You should not lose time and learn English.
make/do : (made- did-done) yapmak I do good things. My wife makes me coffee.
need : Ihtiyaç hissetmek I need much money to start this business.
open : açmak Please open the door when the teacher comes.
organize : düzenlemek We organize a party every summer.
pay : (paid-paid) ödemek We pay 100 dollars for our rent.
play : oynamak We play football after school.
put : (put-put) koymak I put my books on the table.
rain : yağmak(yağmur) It rains in Istanbul very frequently.
Read : (read-read) okumak We must read many books to learn.
reply : yanıt vermek I don’t reply to telephone calls after 10o’clock.
run : (ran-run) koşmak The athlete runs 100 meters in 10 seconds.
say : (said-said) söylemek Don’t say rude words to your friend please.
see : (saw-seen) görmek I can’t see any good reason for this behaviour.
sell : (sold-sold) satmak My friend sells vegetables at the market.
send : (sent-sent) göndermek We send letters to our friends in England.
sign : imzalamak The manager signs many letters everyday.
sing : (sang-sung) şarkı söylemek Italians can sing very well.
sit : (sat-sat) oturmak I sit at my desk for many hours everyday.
sleep : (slept-slept) uyumak Young children sleep for many hours.
smoke : tütün içmek People smoke many cigarettes allover the world
speak : (spoke-spoken) konuşmak We can speak many languages.
spell : hecelemek Please spell this word for me.
spend : (spent-spent) harcamak We can not spend much money. We are poor.
stand : (stood-stood) Ayakta durmak You cant stand here. This is private area.
start/begin : (began-begun) Başlamak/atmak The classes start on 28th February.
study : çalışmak (ders) Please study you lessons to pass your exams.
succeed : başarmak We must succeed in English to get a job.
swim : (swam-swum) yüzmek All the children swim in this pool.
take : (took-taken) almak Take this money and go now.
talk : konuşmak Ahmet always talks on the phone .
teach : (taught-taught) öğretmek I teach English to professionals.
tell : (told-told) Söyle/anlatmak Tell me about your life please.
think : (thought-thought) düşünmek I think Istanbul is an expensive city.
translate : tercüme etmek We must translate this text into English.
travel : seyahat etmek We travel across Europe every Summer.
try : denemek We must try this car.
turn off : Kapamak Turn off the television please.
turn on : Açmak Don’t turn on the radio because I am tired.
type : Tape etmek Can you type these letters please ?
understand : (understood) Anlamak I understand everything very easily.
use : Kullanmak We must use our time very efficiently.
wait : Beklemek I wait for the bus every morning.
wake up : (woke-woken) Uyanmak The students wake up very early every morning.
want : Istemek I want more money.
watch : Seyretmek My mother watches every program on TV
work : Çalışmak My teacher works very hard to earn more money.
worry : Endişe etmek I worry about my girlfriend.
write : (wrote-written) Yazmak The secretary writes many letters every day.